Validity of the Georgian Montreal Cognitive Assessment for the Screening of Mild Cognitive Impairment and Dementia

Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) test has been shown to be a reliable tool to detect mild cognitive impairment (MCI), however, no Georgian language version exists. The goal of this study is to determine the validity, reliability, and accuracy of Georgian version of MoCA in the evaluation of amnestic MCI (aMCI) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Montreal Cognitive Assessment was translated into Georgian language and was administered to healthy participants (HP) and patients with aMCI and AD...
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Can We Help Care Providers Communicate More Effectively With Persons Having Dementia Living in Long-Term Care Homes?

Background:Effective communication between residents with dementia and care providers in long-term care homes (LTCHs) is essential to resident-centered care.Purpose:To determine the effects of a communication intervention on residents’ quality of life (QOL) and care, as well as care providers’ perceived knowledge, mood, and burden.Method:The intervention included (1) individualized communication plans, (2) a dementia care workshop, and (3) a care provider support system. Pre- and po...
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ALZ i-Connect: A Novel Audiovisual Care Consultation for Caregivers

Currently, there is not enough time or staff in the physician’s office to provide education about Alzheimer’s disease for newly diagnosed patients and their family members. The Alzheimer’s Association Cleveland Area Chapter has implemented a novel approach for individuals to connect to helpful information about Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias while at the physician’s office. This project is being piloted at two memory assessment clinics of The Cleveland C...
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Precuneus Structure Changes in Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment

Patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) are at risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease. Due to their prominent memory impairment, structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) often focuses on the hippocampal region. However, recent positron-emission tomography data suggest that within a network of frontal and temporal changes, patients with aMCI show metabolic alterations in the precuneus, a key region for higher cognitive functions. Using high-resolution MRI and whole-brai...
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Living Alone With Cognitive Impairment: Findings From the National Health and Aging Trends Study

Although most individuals experiencing cognitive impairment (CI) reside with a caregiver, an estimated 800,000 live alone. Such individuals may have an increased risk for injury to self or others through self-neglect as a result of the CI symptoms. While persons living alone with CI have been identified as an important area for needed research, few studies have been able to examine this population due to the challenges of identifying and recruiting study participants. By using the National Heal...
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A Nationwide Study of the Impact of Dysphagia on Hospital Outcomes Among Patients With Dementia

Objectives:To assess the impact of dysphagia on clinical and operational outcomes in hospitalized patients with dementia.Design:Retrospective cohort study.Setting:2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample.Participants:All patients discharged with a diagnosis of dementia (N = 234,006) from US hospitals in 2012.Measurements:Univariate and multivariate regression models, adjusting for stroke and patient characteristics, to assess the impact of dysphagia on the prevalence of comorbidities, including pneumon...
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