The Quality of Interactions Between Staff and Residents With Cognitive Impairment in Nursing Homes

American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease &Other Dementias®, Ahead of Print.
Background:Positive and effective staff–resident interactions are imperative to adequately assess and meet the needs of cognitively impaired residents in nursing homes and optimize their quality of life.Aim:The purpose of this study was to quantify, describe, and analyze the interaction between staff and cognitively impaired residents in nursing homes, using the Quality of Interaction Schedule (QuIS).Method:This descriptive analysis utilized baseline data from the first 2 cohorts in a randomized clinical trial including 341 residents from 35 nursing homes.Results:Five hundred fifty-six staff–resident interactions were evaluated; majority were positive (n = 466, 83.8%) and the remaining were either neutral (n = 60, 10.8%) or negative (n = 30, 5.4%). The quality of interactions varied by interaction location, interpersonal distance, and resident participation.Conclusion:Future research should focus on decreasing the negative/neutral interactions and explore staff characteristics (eg, gender, level of experience) and facility factors (eg, size, ownership) that might influence the quality of interactions.The Quality of Interactions Between Staff and Residents With Cognitive Impairment in Nursing HomesThe Quality of Interactions Between Staff and Residents With Cognitive Impairment in Nursing HomesAlzheimers{$excerpt:n}