Caregiver Psychological Distress: Longitudinal Relationships With Physical Activity and Diet

American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease &Other Dementiasr, Volume 35, Issue , January-December 2020.
Given limited longitudinal research with caregivers (CGs, n = 122) of spouses with Alzheimer disease, and demographically matched noncaregivers (NCGs, n = 117), we compared these groups on psychological distress (anxiety, depression), burden, and health behaviors over 2 years. Analyses examined group differences in relationships of micronutrient recommended daily allowances (RDAs) and physical activity considering hours of care, psychological distress, and burden. Participants were measured and assessed on whether they met micronutrient intake and physical activity totaled over an average week. Regression analyses showed a total effect whereby NCGs had greater increases in meeting micronutrient allowances (RDAs) than CGs (b = 10.91, standard error [SE] = 4.74, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.56-20.26). Additionally, over time, NCGs had greater increases in physical activity, which was mediated by hours of care (b = 0.149, SE = 0.060, 95% CI: 0.034-0.270). These results suggest CGs may lack proper nutrients, and care hours may influence their health behaviors.Caregiver Psychological Distress: Longitudinal Relationships With Physical Activity and DietCaregiver Psychological Distress: Longitudinal Relationships With Physical Activity and DietAlzheimers{$excerpt:n}